If you’re planning on finally switching to solar energy, it is important to first know the different types of residential solar power systems available on the market today.
To choose one that will be suitable for your home, you should also consider your home’s location and architecture, how much sunlight your house receives in a day and other factors that will contribute to the potential performance of your system. Here are the different types of residential solar power systems applied in homes.
Off-Grid Solar Dependent Systems
If you live in a remote location and it’s impractical to connect to a community grid, you’re the only option is an off-grid solar power system. The system consists of a solar array, a charge controller, and a small battery bank. The big advantage is that initial costs are low, but if the weather does not allow the panels to charge the batteries, you will have no backup power.
Grid-Tied Solar Systems
This system is the most popular and easiest option when shifting to solar energy. This system is relatively simpler and lower in initial cost, and it only requires a few panels, some wiring boxes and disconnects, and an inverter.
You only need to apply for an interconnection agreement with your locale’s utility grid, and if your array generates more energy than you consume, the surplus goes to the power grid and creates a credit for you. If you involve your power company sooner, you will earn incentives and rebates from the state and the utility.
Hybrid Solar-Generator Systems
According to utsmartenergy.com, a hybrid system is suitable for homeowners who wish to have an off-grid solar system and a reliable backup power source. The system consists of a photovoltaic array, an inverter, a battery bank, as well as a tertiary power source, such as a gas generator or a wind turbine. This system is suitable for homes with several electrical applications, and instead of selling back to the grid, homeowners can choose to store extra energy for backup.
The downside to this system is that it is fairly complex, relatively costly, and requires a high level of expertise to design and install. But it can still sell power back to a grid and it can provide power if the grid shuts down.
All systems are able to harness solar energy efficiently and can get your home running, but you should base your decision on what would be more convenient and less complicated for you. If you install the wrong system, it will cost you a lot of money and will only give you a headache.